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Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below:

Dolphins are regarded as the friendliest creatures in the sea and stories of them, helping drowning sailors have been common since roman times. The more we learn about dolphins, the more we realize that their society is more complex than people previously imagined. They look after other dolphins when they are ill, care for pregnant mothers and protect the weakest in the community as we do. Some scientists have suggested that dolphins have a language but it is much more probable that they communicate with each other without needing words. Could any of these mammals be more intelligent than man? Certainly the most common argument in favour of man’s superiority over them, that we can kill them more easily than they can kill us, is the least satisfactory. On the contrary, the more we discover about these remarkable creatures, the less we appear superior when we destroy them.

(i) It is clear from the passage that dolphins _____. 

 (a) are the most powerful creatures that live in the oceans. 

 (b) Have a reputation for being friendly with humans. 

 (c) are proven to be less intelligent than once thought. 

 (d) are capable of learning a language and communicating with humans. 

(ii) What is the antonym for ‘complex’? 

 (a) intricate 

 (b) complicated 

 (c) multiple 

 (d) straight forward 

(iii) The fact that the writer thinks that we can kill dolphins more easily than they can kill us _______. 

 (a) proves that dolphins are not the most intelligent species. 

 (b) means they are better adapted to their environment than we are 

 (c) does not mean we are superior to them 

 (d) show that they have a sophisticated form of communication. 

(iv) what is the synonym for ‘superior’? 

 (a) Lofty 

 (b) humble 

 (c) inferior 

 (d) modest 

(v) One can infer from the reading that ____. 

 (a) dolphins are quite abundant in some areas of the world. 

 (b) it is not usual for dolphins to communicate with each other. 

 (c) dolphins have some social traits that are similar to those of humans 

 (d) dolphins have skills that no other living creatures have such as the ability to think. 

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Best answer

(i) (b) have a reputation for being friendly with humans. 

It is clear from the passage that dolphins have a reputation for being friendly with humans. 

(ii) (d) straight forward is the antonym for ‘complex’.

(iii) (b) means they are better adapted to their environment than we are 

The fact that the writer thinks that we can kill dolphins more easily than they can kill us means they are better adapted to their environment than we are.

(iv) (a) Lofty is the synonym for ‘superior’.

(v) (d) dolphins have skills that no other living creatures have such as the ability to think.

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